The 1963 Pak- China Boundary Agreement

That is why the agreement was of the utmost importance, as it is about the history of bilateral relations between the two states. Not only did he resolve the border dispute between the two countries, but he also helped establish friendly relations between them. But it was also important in other respects, as the deal weighed on Pakistan`s relations with the West and dealt a heavy blow to the Kashmir dispute. The agreement has been economically beneficial for Pakistan, as it has obtained pasture under the agreement. But it has been more important politically, as it has reduced the risk of conflict between the two countries. India does not recognize this. The agreement was also of great importance for Cold War policy. It was part of a growing global bond between China and Pakistan, which began after the war between India and China. All this has led Pakistan to distance itself from the United States. In addition, after the definition of borders, the two countries also concluded a bilateral agreement on trade and air transport.

For Pakistan, which had border disputes on its eastern and western borders, the agreement offered relief by securing its northern border from any future competition. The treaty also provided for a clear demarcation of the border with Pakistan, which would continue to serve as the border even after the settlement of the Kashmir dispute. [6] It allowed China to abate more than 1,942 square kilometers (750 square miles) to Pakistan and recognize Pakistan`s Chinese sovereignty over hundreds of square kilometers of land in the North Caucasus and Ladakh. [2] [3] The agreement is not recognized as legal by India, which also claims sovereignty over part of the country. In addition to rising tensions with India, the deal shifted the Balance of the Cold War by bringing Pakistan and China closer together while easing relations between Pakistan and the United States. The Sino-Pakistani Agreement (also known as the Sino-Pakistan Frontier Agreement and Sino-Pak Boundary Agreement) is a 1963 document between the governments of Pakistan and China, which defines the border between these countries. [1] After Pakistan voted to grant China a seat at the United Nations, the Chinese withdrew the controversial cards in January 1962 and agreed to begin border talks in March. The willingness of the Chinese to join the agreement has been welcomed by the Pakistani people. Negotiations between nations officially began on October 13, 1962 and culminated in the signing of an agreement on March 2, 1963. [1] It was signed by Foreign Ministers Chen Yi for the Chinese and ali Bhutto for the Pakistanis.

The agreement led china and Pakistan to withdraw from about 1,900 square kilometers of territory (750 square miles) and a border based on the 1899 British note to China, modified by Lord Curzon in 1905. Indian writers insisted that, in this transaction, Pakistan ceded 5,300 km2 (2,050 square miles) of territory to China (which they believe had absolutely no right). Indeed, if at all, Pakistan has gained some territory, about 52 km2 (20 square miles), south of the Khunjerab Pass. [Neutrality is controversial] The claim abandoned by Pakistan was the area north of the Uprang Jilga River, which also included the Raksam lands, where the Mir of Hunza for much of the late 19th. Under agreements with the Chinese authorities in Sinkiang, he had benefited from tax duties and pasture. Despite this, sovereignty over the territory has never been questioned by the Mir of Hunza, the British or the state of Jammu and Kashmir. [4] According to Jane`s International Defence Review, the agreement was also important during the Cold War, since Pakistan had relations with the United States and was a member of the Central Treaty Organization and the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization. [7] The agreement was part of a general strengthening of the association with China for Pakistan, which led Pakistan to distance itself from the United States. [7] [8] [9] After defining the borders, the two countries also concluded trade and air agreements, including the first international agreement of its kind concluded by China with a country that was not communist.

[10] Pakistan had expressed some reservations, as Chinese maps showed certain areas of Pakistan on their side. . . .