As a result, the CBB requires the GFH to maintain a minimum of 12.5 per cent (consolidated). The table below summarizes the risks of the first pillar and the approaches adopted by the bank in calculating the RWA in accordance with CBB`s Basel II capital framework. Basel I, the 1988 Basel Agreement, focuses mainly on credit risk and appropriate asset weighting. Bank assets were divided into five categories per credit risk, with risk weights of 0% (for example. B, liquidity, gold bars, real estate liabilities such as treasury bills), 20% (securitizations such as mortgage-backed securities (MBS) with the highest AAA rating), 50% (municipal yield bonds, Residential Mortgages), 100% (. B for example, most corporate debt) and some of the highest AAA-rated assets, 50% (communal income bonds, residential mortgages), 100% (. B for example, most corporate debt) and some unceded assets. Banks with an international presence are required to hold capital of up to 8% of their risk-weighted assets. The document consists of two main sections: (a) the definition of capital and b) the structure of risk weights. Two shorter sections define the target reference ratio and the transition and implementation modalities. There are four technical annexes for capital definition, counterparty risk weights, credit conversion factors for off-balance sheet items and transitional arrangements. In recent years, five amendments to the agreement have been adopted, four of which have been published in the language of the original agreement.
The fifth amendment, which introduces parallel capital requirements for market risk, contains no language to amend the 1988 text. This amendment, adopted in January 1996, is published in the form of an ”amendment to the capital agreement for the inclusion of market risks.” The core capital-to-capital ratio of tier 1 / all RWAs In particular, the implementation of the reform measures (Basel III) on capital requirements for financial institutions (Basel II) developed in 2010 by the Basel Committee on the new Basel Capital Agreement is under way and will result in higher requirements, particularly with regard to minimum financial resources. Leverage ratio – total capital/average total balance sheet Starting in 1988, this framework was gradually introduced in the G-10 Member States, which include 13 countries from 2013[update]: Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. In July 1988, the central bank governors of the Group of Ten Countries and Luxembourg approved a document entitled ”International Convergence of Capital Measurement and Capital Standards” which is the culmination of the Banking Regulations and Supervisory Practices Committee`s efforts in recent years to ensure the international convergence of prudential rules on the adequacy of international banks` capital adequacy.